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Martyrdom Anniversary of Imam Hasan (A.S)


Martyrdom Anniversary of Imam Hasan (A.S) 

Name: al-Hassan

Title: al-Mujtaba

Alias: Abu Muhammad 

Father's name: Ali ibn Abi Talib (Amir al-Mu'mineen)

Mother's name: Fatimah al-Zahra (daughter of the Holy Prophet)

Birth: In Medina on Tuesday, 15th Ramadan 3 AH

Death: Died at the age of 46, in Medina on Thursday,

           7th Safar 50 AH (second nuration says 28th Safar); 

           Buried in Jannatu 'l-Baqi', in Medina

Imam Hasan was born in the year 3 AH, in Medina and shared in the life of the Prophet for somewhat over seven years, growing up during that time under his loving care. After the death of the Prophet which was no more than three, or according to some, six months earlier than the death of Lady Fatimah, Hasan was placed directly under the care of his noble father. After the death of his father, through Divine Command and according to the will of his father, Imam Hasan became Imam; he also occupied the outward function of caliph for about six months, during which time he administered the affairs of the Muslims. During that time Mu'awiyah, who was a bitter enemy of Imam`Ali and his family and had fought for years with the ambition of capturing the caliphate, first on the pretext of avenging the death of the third caliph and finally with an open claim to the caliphate, marched his army to Iraq, the seat of Imam Hasan's caliphate. War ensued during which Mu'awiyah gradually subverted the generals and commanders of Imam Hasan's army with large sums of money and deceiving promises until the army rebelled against Imam Hasan. Finally, the Imam was forced to make peace and to yield the caliphate to Mu'awiyah, provided it would again return to Imam Hasan after Mu'awiyah's death and the Imam's Household and partisans would be protected in every way.

In this way Mu'awiyah captured the Islamic caliphate and entered Iraq. In a public speech he officially made null and void all the peace conditions and in every way possible placed the severest pressure upon the members of the Household of the Prophet and the Shi'ah. During all the ten years of his Imamate, Imam Hasan lived in conditions of extreme hardship and under persecution, with no security even in his own house. In the year 50 AH, he was poisoned and martyred by one of his own Household who, as has been accounted by historians, had been motivated by Mu'awiyah.

In human perfection Imam Hasan was reminiscent of his father and a perfect example of his noble grandfather. In fact, as long as the Prophet was alive, he and his brother were always in the company of the Prophet who even sometimes would carry them on his shoulders. Both Sunni and Shi`ite sources have transmitted this saying of the Holy Prophet concerning Hasan and Husayn: "These two children of mine are Imams (leaders) whether they stand up or sit down" (allusion to whether they occupy the external function of caliphate or not). Also, there are many traditions of the Holy Prophet and Imam`Ali concerning the fact that Imam Hasan would gain the function of Imamate after his noble father.

 

  Some golden quotes of Imam Hasan (A.S):

* If you fail to obtain something of worldly benefit, take it as if the thought of it had never crossed your mind at all.

* The best wealth is contentment and the worst poverty is humility.

* The most preferable adornment is graceful manners.

* Opportunity is something which is quick to vanish and late to return.